Twofold Reconstruction: A Review of Taiwan's Architecture from the 1950s to the 1980s


Shu-Shung Loo and Cultural Reconstruction of Taiwan's Architecture and Construction Industry in the Early Post-war Period (1946-1947)








The article is a study on the Construction Bureau, which was established by Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office and was specially subordinated to the Civil Affairs Department, during the early post-war period in 1946. In analyzing the implementation of a series of policies related to cultural reconstruction policy, which was formulated by the Nationalist government for taking over Taiwan in 1944, the focus will be on the influence of these policies on Taiwanese architecture and the significance of the post-war "Cultural Reconstruction Policy" to the architectural and construction fields. Chief Executive Yi Chen appointed Shu–Shung Loo, who had been the chair of the Department of Architecture in National Central University, the proofreader of the Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture and the full member of Society of Chinese Architects, to be the director of the Construction Bureau. Yi Chen hoped to bring Loo's academic and practical experience from China to Taiwan. Yi Chen took advantage of Shu–Shung Loo's understanding of Chinese architecture to promote the intention of the cultural transformation under the "uprooting Japan; implanting China" in Taiwanese architecture.

Shu–Shung Loo became the director of the Construction Bureau, and was in charge of the acceptance of Japanese assets, reconstruction, construction design, construction supervision, housing improvement, drafting regulation, etc. Besides, Shu–Shung Loo published the articles in < Taiwan Construction Industry>. Those articles belittled Japanese-style architecture built by the Japanese; on the other hand, hoped that Taiwan should emulate the homeland and promote the beauty of the homeland's architecture. The articles revealed his attitude towards uprooting Japan and implanting China.

In addition, Shu–Shung Loo had established the "Bank of Taiwan - Chiayi Branch" with the name of the private firm "Yongning Architects" in 1946 before he officially took office. This case was the origin of the post-war Chinese classical style architecture and became a representative of "implanting China" in Taiwan. The case also was the product of the "Cultural Reconstruction Policy" guided bythe official policy.


Culture Reconstruction, Post War Architecture, Early Post-War Period, Shu-Shung Loo