Ritual system is a comprehensive presentation of a nation's political organization, cultural beliefs, behavioral norms, social morality, and cosmological views. Therefore, buildings built for ritual practices reflect the materiality of the political power and cultural identity of the society at that time. Politically, since the Chinese Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty began to promote Confucianism, ritual architecture has become an important symbol of order in regulating feudal Chinese society and culture. Until the overthrow of the Manchu Qing Dynasty in 1911, traditional ritual architecture played an important role in stabilizing and ordering in feudal Chinese society. As the previous Japanese colony, Taiwan was incorporated into the political system of the Republic of China after World War II. The Nationalist government, as the reformists that overthrew feudal China, resorted to the Confucian concept of "orthodoxy(道統)" after losing its territory in mainland China in order to promote its legitimacy in Taiwan. The modernization of ritual buildings such as National Palace Museum, Confucius Temples and Martyrs' Shrines not only promotes Chinese cultural identity, but also serves as the basis for legitimizing the governance of the Nationalist government in Taiwan.
Ritual Architecture, Confucianism, National Palace Museum, Confucius Temple, Martyrs' Shrine