1950、60年代當王大閎與陳其寬在台灣西部，以建國南路自宅（1953）及衛理會館（1959）等居住建築，追尋中國現代建築的精神性之際，白冷外方傳教會（簡稱白冷會，Societas Missionaria de Bethlehem，SMB）在台灣東部也藉由達興登（Justus Dahinden）、費宥諒（Karl Freuler）及傅義（Bro. Felder Juilius）等瑞士建築師，以天主教現代教堂的神聖空間，述說瑞士現代建築的精神性。文中描述白冷會在近代中國的變局之中，意外來到台東的過程，並探討傳承自德法的瑞士現代教堂發展歷程，作為解讀白冷會教堂的時空背景。最後以達興登的公東高工教堂（1960）、費宥諒的台東白冷會會院教堂（1966），以及傅義的小馬天主堂（1968）等作為案例，闡釋這些現代教堂如何以光及動線，表達隨著身體感知經驗探索而來的神聖空間。
As Dahong Wang and Chi Kuan Chen designed their famous architectures such as their own house on Jien-Guo S. Road and Wesley House in Taiwan in pursuit of the spirit of modern Chinese architecture in the 1950s and 1960s, Societas Missionaria de Bethlehem (SMB) built some modern church architecture designed by Justus Dahinden, Karl Freuler and Bro. Felder Juilius, to represent the spirit of modern Swiss architecture. In this article, the background of churches of SMB is discussed on the basis of how SMB's missonaries moved to Taitung during the period of turbulent changes in China and the development of modern Swiss church architecture influenced by Germany and France. The cases discussed in this article include the church of Kung-Tung technical senior high school (1960) designed by Justus Dahinden, SMB church (1966) designed by Karl Freuler and St. Nicholas of Myra's church (1968) designed by Felder Juilius to interprete how light and circulation in these churches represent the sacred space perceived by physical senses.
modern church, SMB, Justus Dahinden, Karl Freuler, Felder Juilius