Museums and Contemporaneity


An Analysis of Four Museums on Design Exhibitions and their Underlying Context



研究發現博物館展覽是美術館或博物館與觀眾之間最直接的溝通管道,也是館方溝通體系中非常重要的一環。展覽內容本身會傳達給觀眾有關美術館經營的印象,而展覽與館藏之間存在有高度互動關係,而這互動關係又會回饋到展覽意義的表現。博物館的展覽策略與操作也會受到其他內部措施或觀念的影響,如館長的經營策略、館務發展的定位、與在地相關社群的互動、對藝術範疇的理解與接受度等。最後建議北美館未來在經營設計類展覽與設計類收藏的同時,應該思考逐步擴大對藝術範疇的接 受度。增加對應臺灣設計內容的展覽與研究,也是協助臺灣逐步落實設計物件與設計文化的研究。




The main purpose of this research is to investigate the phenomenon of design exhibitions organized by contemporary art museums and the relationships between these exhibitions and museums' design collections. This study is an attempt to comprehend contemporary art museums' scope of knowledge on design, the degree to which they accept design, how design is presented in exhibitions, and factors which have possibly given rise to these exhibitions. Research has been conducted on exhibitions at four museums, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, and the Taipei Fine Arts Museum.

Utilizing methods of data analysis to compare these various museums, the parameters of this research are focused on the decade from 2002 to 2011 and include analyses of the conditions of design exhibitions and design collections at these museums. The paper thus attempts to reach an understanding of various relationships and possible influencing factors within these institutions.

This research has discovered that exhibitions are the most direct channel of communication between a museum and its audience and are a pivotal part of any museum's system of communication. Furthermore, there is a high level of interconnection between exhibitions and collections. Such relationships also relate to how exhibitions are conceived and organized. Exhibition strategies and museum management can be influenced by other internal ideas and practices, such as: the museum director's strategy; the way a museum positions itself; a museums' relationship with its surrounding community; the scope of understanding and acceptance for art, and other issues. Lastly, a proposal is made for the Taipei Fine Arts Museum: in the future, as the museum makes plans for design exhibitions or adds design works to its collections, it should gradually expand the breadth of its coverage. With the increasing number of exhibitions and research into design in Taiwan, this could assist Taiwan in progressively bringing more design pieces into Taiwanese museums and implementing studies on the culture of design.


art museums, design exhibitions, design collections, design