現代美術學報 20
Journal of Taipei Fine Arts Museum 20

文化開創: 從文化價值的觀點談博物館的藝術家駐館計劃

Culture Re-initiation: A Study of Museum's Artist-in-Residency Programs from the Perspective of Cultural Values



本文將以美國 Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum、日本大原美術館二個博物館與當代藝術家的合作計畫為研究案例,分析博物館設置的宗旨及當下困境,規劃藝術家駐館計劃的內容、模式及成效,以及對於博物館所衍生的影響。透過藝術家駐館計畫,歷史悠久的典藏文物獲得重新詮釋的機會,機構組織與空間環境得以活化再造,而跨領域的整合更激盪出文化藝術的嶄新面貌。這些博物館因應時代變遷及營運理念的轉型,基於對文化傳承、開展及認同的理想,透過與藝術家建立合作夥伴關係,有效地為組織營運注入新思維,創造新的價值及認同。



  1. ^ 美術館為博物館眾多類型之一,文中討論的博物館案例均屬藝術類博物館,然機構全名分別以美術館,藝術館及博物館等不同名稱命名。本文針對特定機構的討論時,以該機構的全名稱之。若就博物館營運管理之議題討論時,則因屬博物館研究範疇,則以博物館通論之。




The value of culture lies not only in the lineage; more importantly, it also consists in the making of culture, and in its ultimate cohesion and identity. As expected, the aim of cultural policies is to promote institutions and environments of cultural values in the civic society. The role and functions of museums today are being challenged by rapidly transforming societies. While safeguarding traditional cultures, it is also critical that museums reflect upon their "mission" and "value" in response to historic changes over time, and consider the role they may play in the development of cultures, as well as the feedbacks they may give in the context of certain socio-cultural conditions. Grounded in the principle of cultural re-initiation and considering the social demands made of museums of the new era, this paper examines museums’ artist-in-residence programs from the perspectives of cultural values.

In this paper, the aim of museum establishment, its present problems, the intended projects, patterns and outcomes of the museum’s artist-in-residence programs, and finally the significance and value produced in relation to the museum itself, are analyzed with evidence drawn from case studies on the collaboration between museums and contemporary artists at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (USA) and the Ohara Museum of Art (Japan). Faced with the whirling changes of time and demands for operational transformations, these museums forged new partnerships with artists in their idealistic intentions to re-initiate, pass down and identify culture. They also brought in new ideas of operations at organizational level, modified organizational culture, and showed operational efficiency.

Through the artist-in-residence programs, collections are given opportunities of re-interpretation, organizations and display spaces are re-thought and revived, and moreover, integration across fields works up the brand new features for arts and culture. Museum institutions are thereby able to renew their energies and horizons, while the production of new arts creates new cultural capital. Culture gets to be passed down from generation to generation in their re-creation, which reinforces the positive influences exerted by contemporary museums on culture and society. Museums become the activists of cultural re-initiation by playing a more active role in cultural heritage for future societies, constructing institutions of patronage for artistic production and embracing the heterogeneous coalition with contemporary artists.


Museum Management, Artist-in-Residence Program, Cultural Values, Partnership